Christ the Wall Hermitages
November 15, 2015 -- Invasive Tech Patents


* V2K or Remote Neural Monitoring,
** EEG

*USP # 8,684,009 (Filed: August 18, 2004, Issued: April 1, 2014)
System for determining relative distance(s) and/or angle(s) between at least two points
Matei, Eusebiu (Valencia, CA), Karr, Lawrence  (Santa Monica, CA), Schulman, Joseph H. (Santa Clarita, CA)
Assignee: Alfred E. Mann Foundation for Scientific Research (Santa Clarita, CA)
Abstract-Systems and method utilizing microelectronic devices for determining relative positions such as distances and/or angles between at least two points is described. The points may be locations of parts of the body such as the fingers on a person's hand. A first microelectronic device is adapted to emit magnetic signals and at least a second microelectronic device is adapted to receive the magnetic signals, wherein a controller is adapted to communicate with the first and second microelectronic devices. The second microelectronic device and/or the controller are adapted to determine a distance and angle between the first and the second microelectronic devices based on the strength of the magnetic signals received by the second microelectronic device.

*USP # 8,684,009 (Filed: August 18, 2004, Issued: April 1, 2014) is part of the patents USP # 8,684,009  used as evidence in the Larson case. I took this information from that case.

*USP # 8,684,009 (Filed: August 18, 2004, Issued: April 1, 2014)
Gerald Loeb, Frances Richmond
Assignee: Advanced Bionics
Abstract-The yellow highlighted path represents encapsulated wire containing electrode sites that are in addition to the electrodes shown at each end. The lower illustration is modified to show the invention in the same perspective as my sample #111. In this photo of my sample #111, the circuitry in the middle of the device is dark and difficult to identify, however the wire bond and path of the wire are clearly shown and it's construction is consistent with that of Loeb/Schulman's filings with the U.S. Patent Office and further, the documentation shows that "parent case" provisional applications were filed (within 30 days of my assault).

*USP # 6,214,032
Abstract-A system for monitoring and/or affecting parameters of a patient's body comprised of a system control unit (SCU) and one or more other devices implanted in the patient's body, i.e., within the envelope defined by the patient's skin. In accordance with a preferred embodiment, the system operates in closed loop fashion whereby the commands transmitted by the SCU are dependent, in part, on the content of the data signals received by the SCU. A preferred SCU is also implemented as a device capable of being injected into the patient's body. Wireless communication between the SCU and the other implanted devices can be implemented in various ways, e.g., via a modulated sound signal, AC magnetic field, RF signal, or electrical conduction. In accordance with a further aspect of the invention, the SCU is remotely programmable, e.g., via wireless means, to interact with the implanted devices according to a treatment regimen. While the invention herein disclosed has been described by means of specific embodiments and applications thereof, numerous modifications and variations could be made thereto by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention set forth in the claims. For example, a system including multiple SCUs, e.g., one external and one internal, is considered to be within the scope of the present invention. Additionally, while the use of a single communication channel for communication between one or more SCUs and the other implanted devices has been described, a system implemented using multiple communication channels, e.g., a first sonic channel at a first carrier frequency and a second sonic channel at a second carrier frequency, is also considered to be within the scope of the present invention. Transponders, e.g., are devices which can be used to extend the interbody communication range between stimulators and sensors and other devices, e.g., a clinician's programmer and the patient control unit. The clinician's programmer and/or the patient control unit and/or other external control devices can also communicate with the implanted devices, as described in the parent application. Alternatively, such external devices can communicate with the SCU via a transceiver coupled to the programmable controller. Since, in a preferred operating mode, the signal transmitter and signal receiver operate using sound means, a separate transceiver which operates using magnetic means is used for communication with external devices. However, a single transmitter/receiver can be used in place of transceiver if a common communication means is used.

*USP # 6,067,474
Implantable device with improved battery (capacitor) recharging and powering configuration
Gerald Loeb, Frances Richmond
Assignee: Advanced Bionics
This patent lists Gerald Loeb (as well as F.J. R., also a principal investigator involved with the NIH microstimulator contract) as the inventors. In sample #122 recovered from my person, a coil (or "antenna") can clearly be seen on top of the stack and is represented in the patent drawings as the innermost circle referenced as #172

*USP # 7,440,931 (Filed: July 6, 2000 , Date Issued: October 21, 2008 )
Method and Apparatus for Analyzing Thought System
Inventors: Suzuki; Kazuhiko (Ota-Ku, JP)
Assignee: Creative Brains, K.K. (Tokyo, JP)
Abstract-A method for analyzing a thought system of a subject consisting of at least one individual is disclosed. The analyzing method comprising the steps of: obtaining a plurality of items perceived by the subject; obtaining relationship information of all possible item pairs based on perception of the subject with respect to relationship between two items of each of said all possible item pairs; generating a relation matrix of the plurality of items based on the relationship information of each of the items with respect to the all other items; transforming the relation matrix to a display matrix projected on a representation space having dimensions lower than the number of the items and reflecting a relationship between the items perceived by the subject; and displaying the items on the representation space according to the display matrix such that the items are plotted on respective positions in the representation. An apparatus for analyzing a thought system of a subject which is adapted to perform the present analyzing method is also disclosed.

*UPS # 7,295,146 (Filed: March 24, 2005, Date Issued: November 13, 2007) 
Holographic Arrays for Multi-Path Imaging Artifact Reduction
McMakin, et al Inventors: McMakin; Douglas L. (Richland, WA) Sheen; David M. (Richland, WA) Hall; Thomas E. (Kennewick, WA)
Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute (Richland, WA)
Abstract-A method and apparatus to remove human features utilizing at least one transmitter transmitting a signal between 200 MHz and 1 THz, the signal having at least one characteristic of elliptical polarization, and at least one receiver receiving the reflection of the signal from the transmitter. A plurality of such receivers and transmitters are arranged together in an array which is in turn mounted to a scanner, allowing the array to be passed adjacent to the surface of the item being imaged while the transmitter is transmitting electromagnetic radiation. The array is passed adjacent to the surface of the item, such as a human being, that is being imaged. The portions of the received signals wherein the polarity of the characteristic has been reversed and those portions of the received signal wherein the polarity of the characteristic has not been reversed are identified. An image of the item from those portions of the received signal wherein the polarity of the characteristic was reversed is then created.

*USP # 7,272,565 (Filed:  December 17, 2002, Date Issued: September 18, 2007)
System and Method for Monitoring Individuals
Mardirossian, Aris (Germantown, MD)
Assignee: Technology Patents LLC. (Derwood, MD)
Primary Examiner: Hudspeth; David Assistant Examiner: Sked; Matthew J.
Attorney or Agent: Nixon & Vanderhye
PC U.S. Class: 704/273; 704/246; 704/251
Field Of Search, International Class:  G10L 11/00; G10L 15/00; G10L 17/00
U.S Patent Documents: 4773093; 5023901; 5621889; 5742233; 6141644; 6396954; 6480825; 6529881; 6697779; 6738784; 6799163; 6839410; 2002/0017999; 2002/0107694; 2002/0198731; 2003/0044050; 2003/0154084; 2003/0200311; 2004/0029564; 2004/0059923; 2004/0064453
Foreign Patent Documents: 63-253480
Abstract-A system and method for monitoring individuals using voice print matching to match monitored speech with stored voice prints is disclosed. Voice prints of individuals are obtained and stored in a central repository for use by authorized agencies or other entity that monitor voice communications. The digitized voice prints may be used to identify the speakers being monitored. If the conversation being monitored causes the monitor, based on their predetermined alert criteria, to suspect the speakers of illegal activity, such as, for example, terrorism, or otherwise cause the monitor to seek additional information about the speakers, the monitor may access information associated with the voice print and retrieve the information associated with those individuals so that this information may be passed along to the appropriate agency or organization for further action.       

*USP # 7,102,508 (Issue Date: September 5, 2006)
Method and Apparatus for Locating and Tracking Persons 
Peter Seth Edelstein, Menlo Park, CA and Benjamin Theodore Nordell II, San Mateo, CA
Abstract-The method and apparatus for locating and tracking a person is through an "implantable device," i.e., microchip. The microchip can be used to locate missing or abducted persons, runaways (missing person classifications used by the U. S. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention), incarcerated individuals and military personnel. The microchip is composed of "biocompatible" materials and can be implanted in "any limb, the torso, including back and perineum (the small triangular area of one's body that includes the anus and the vulva or the base of the penis), the neck, and the head." Interestingly, the microchip can also be implanted in any "naturally occurring orifice," such as the anus, the urethra, and the uterus. [The ear and nose were not mentioned but they are also "naturally occurring orifices."] Each microchip "has either an internal or external power source." Those power sources can be "a rechargeable battery, an inductive charging system for charging the battery [by remote], a mechanical or heat sensitive voltage generator," etc. Each microchip also has an "individual identifier (similar to that of cellular telephones)," with each microchip HAVING AN INDIVIDUAL TELEPHONE NUMBER. The microchip lies passive, or dormant, in the body until it receives an action signal, such as a telephone call, by the "system provider," in other words, the controller of the device. The chip can also remain continually active.  

*USP # 6,587,729 (Filed:  April 24, 2002, Date Issued:  July 1, 2003)
Using the Radio Frequency Hearing Effect Apparatus For Audibly Communicating Speech
Loree; Diana L. (Albuquerque, NM) O'Loughlin; James P. (Placitas, NM)
Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force (Washington, DC) Primary, Examiner: Schaetzle; Kennedy, Assistant Examiner: Attorney or Agent: Skorich; James M. U.S. Class: 128/897; 332/167; 381/151; 600/586; 607/55, Field Of Search: 332/167; 381/151; 607/56; 607/55; 340/384.1; 600/559; 600/23; 600/586; 128/897; 128/898, International Class: A61N 1/08
*U.S Patent Documents:  3,563,246; 3,629,521; 4,835,791; 5,450,044
Abstract-This invention relates to the modulating of signals on carriers, which are transmitted and the signals intelligibly recovered, and more particularly, to the modulation of speech on a carrier and the intelligible recover of the speech by means of the Radio Frequency Hearing Effect. The Radio Frequency ("RF") Hearing Effect was first noticed during World War II as a subjective "click" produced by a pulsed radar signal when the transmitted power is above a "threshold" level. Below the threshold level, the click cannot be heard. The discovery of the Radio Frequency Hearing Effect suggested that a pulsed RF carrier could be encoded with an amplitude modulated ("AM") envelope. In one approach to pulsed carrier modulation, it was assumed that the "click" of the pulsed-carrier was similar to a data sample and could be used to synthesize both simple and complex tones such as speech. Although pulsed carrier modulation can induce a subjective sensation for simple tones, it severely distorts the complex waveforms of speech, as has been confirmed experimentally. The presence of this kind of distortion has prevented the click process for the encoding of intelligible speech. An example is provided by AM sampled data modulation Upon demodulation the perceived speech signal has some of the envelope characteristics of an audio signal. Consequently a message can be recognized as speech when a listener is pre-advised that speech has been sent. However, if the listener does not know the content of the message, the audio signal is unintelligible. The attempt to use the click process to encode speech has been based on the assumption that if simple tones can be encoded, speech can be encoded as well, but this is not so. A simple tone can contain several distortions and still be perceived as a tone whereas the same degree of distortion applied to speech renders it unintelligible.   

*USP # 6,506,148 (January 14, 2003)
Nervous System Manipulation by EM Fields from Monitors
Loos, Hendricus
Abstract-Physiological effects have been observed in a human subject in response to stimulation of the skin with weak electromagnetic fields that are pulsed with certain frequencies near 1/2 Hz or 2.4 Hz, such as to excite a sensory resonance. Many computer monitors and TV tubes, when displaying pulsed images, emit pulsed electromagnetic fields of sufficient amplitudes to cause such excitation. It is therefore possible to manipulate the nervous system of a subject by pulsing images displayed on a nearby computer monitor or TV set. For the latter, the image pulsing may be imbedded in the program material, or it may be overlaid by modulating a video stream, either as an RF signal or as a video signal. The image displayed on a computer monitor may be pulsed effectively by a simple computer program. For certain monitors, pulsed electromagnetic fields capable of exciting sensory resonances in nearby subjects may be generated even as the displayed images are pulsed with subliminal intensity.

*USP # 6,488,617 (December 3, 2002)
Method and Device for Producing a Desired Brain State
Katz, Bruce
Abstract-A method and device for the production of a desired brain state in an individual contain means for monitoring and analyzing the brain state while a set of one or more magnets produce fields that alter this state. A computational system alters various parameters of the magnetic fields in order to close the gap between the actual and desired brain state. This feedback process operates continuously until the gap is minimized and/or removed.

*USP # 6,487,531 (November 26, 2002)
Signal Injection Coupling into the Human Vocal Tract
Tosaya, Carol
Abstract-A means and method are provided for enhancing or replacing the natural excitation of the human vocal tract by artificial excitation means, wherein the artificially created acoustics present additional spectral, temporal, or phase data useful for (1) enhancing the machine recognition robustness of audible speech or (2) enabling more robust machine-recognition of relatively inaudible mouthed or whispered speech. The artificial excitation (a) may be arranged to be audible or inaudible, (b) may be designed to be non-interfering with another user's similar means, (c) may be used in one or both of a vocal content-enhancement mode or a complimentary vocal tract-probing mode, and/or (d) may be used for the recognition of audible or inaudible continuous speech or isolated spoken commands.

*USP # 6,470,214 (Filing Date: December 13, 1996, Issue Date:  October 22, 2002)
Method and Device for Implementing The Radio Frequency Hearing Effect
O'Loughlin, et al.
Abstract-This invention relates to the modulating of signals on carriers, which are transmitted and the signals intelligibly recovered, and more particularly, to the modulation of speech on a carrier and the intelligible recover of the speech by means of the Radio Frequency Hearing Effect. The Radio Frequency ("RF") Hearing Effect was first noticed during World War II as a subjective "click" produced by a pulsed radar signal when the transmitted power is above a "threshold" level. Below the threshold level, the click cannot be heard. The discovery of the Radio Frequency Hearing Effect suggested that a pulsed RF carrier could be encoded with an amplitude modulated ("AM") envelope. In one approach to pulsed carrier modulation, it was assumed that the "click" of the pulsed-carrier was similar to a data sample and could be used to synthesize both simple and complex tones such as speech. Although pulsed carrier modulation can induce a subjective sensation for simple tones, it severely distorts the complex waveforms of speech, as has been confirmed experimentally. The presence of this kind of distortion has prevented the click process for the encoding of intelligible speech. An example is provided by AM sampled data modulation. Upon demodulation the perceived speech signal has some of the envelope characteristics of an audio signal. Consequently a message can be recognized as speech when a listener is pre-advised that speech has been sent. However, if the listener does not know the content of the message, the audio signal is unintelligible. The attempt to use the click process to encode speech has been based on the assumption that if simple tones can be encoded, speech can be encoded as well, but this is not so. A simple tone can contain several distortions and still be perceived as a tone whereas the same degree of distortion applied to speech renders it unintelligible.  

*USP # 6,430,443 (August 6, 2002)
Method and Apparatus for Treating Auditory Hallucinations
Karell, Manuel
Abstract-Stimulating one or more vestibulocochlear nerves or cochlea or cochlear regions will treat, prevent and control auditory hallucinations.

*USP # 6,426,919 (July 30, 2002)
Portable and Hand-Held Device for Making Humanly Audible Sounds
Gerosa, William
Abstract-A portable and hand-held device for making humanly audible sounds responsive to the detecting of ultrasonic sounds. The device includes a hand-held housing and circuitry that is contained in the housing. The circuitry includes a microphone that receives the ultrasonic sound, a first low voltage audio power amplifier that strengthens the signal from the microphone, a second low voltage audio power amplifier that further strengthens the signal from the first low voltage audio power amplifier, a 7-stage ripple carry binary counter that lowers the frequency of the signal from the second low voltage audio power amplifier so as to be humanly audible, a third low voltage audio power amplifier that strengthens the signal from the 7-stage ripple carry binary counter, and a speaker that generates a humanly audible sound from the third low voltage audio power amplifier.

*USP # 6,292,688 (September 18, 2001)
Method and Apparatus for Analyzing Neurological Response to Emotion-Inducing Stimuli
Patton, Richard
Abstract-A method of determining the extent of the emotional response of a test subject to stimuli having a time-varying visual content, for example, an advertising presentation. The test subject is positioned to observe the presentation for a given duration, and a path of communication is established between the subject and a brain wave detector/analyzer. The intensity component of each of at least two different brain wave frequencies is measured during the exposure, and each frequency is associated with a particular emotion. While the subject views the presentation, periodic variations in the intensity component of the brain waves of each of the particular frequencies selected is measured. The change rates in the intensity at regular periods during the duration are also measured. The intensity change rates are then used to construct a graph of plural coordinate points, and these coordinate points graphically establish the composite emotional reaction of the subject as the presentation continues.

*USP # 6,258,022 (July 10, 2001)
Behavior Modification
Rose, John
Abstract-Behavior modification of a human subject takes place under hypnosis, when the subject is in a relaxed state. A machine plays back a video or audio recording, during which the subject is instructed to activate a device to create a perceptible stimulation which is linked, through the hypnosis, with a visualization of enhanced or improved performance. After the hypnosis, the user can reactivate the device at will, whenever the improved performance, such as an improved sporting performance, is desired. This will again create the perceptible stimulation and thus induce the required visualization.

*USP # 6,239,705 (May 29, 2001)
Intra-Oral Electronic Tracking Device
Glen, Jeffrey
Abstract-An improved stealthy, non-surgical, biocompatable electronic tracking device is provided in which a housing is placed intraorally. The housing contains micro-circuitry. The micro-circuitry comprises a receiver, a passive mode to active mode activator, a signal decoder for determining positional fix, a transmitter, an antenna, and a power supply. Optionally, an amplifier may be utilized to boost signal strength. The power supply energizes the receiver. Upon receiving a coded activating signal, the positional fix signal decoder is energized, determining a positional fix. The transmitter subsequently transmits through the antenna a position locating signal to be received by a remote locator. In another embodiment of the present invention, the micro-circuitry comprises a receiver, a passive mode to active mode activator, a transmitter, an antenna and a power supply. Optionally, an amplifier may be utilized to boost signal strength. The power supply energizes the receiver. Upon receiving a coded activating signal, the transmitter is energized. The transmitter subsequently transmits through the antenna a homing signal to be received by a remote locator.

*U.S. Patent 6,315,721
System of implantable devices for monitoring and/or affecting body parameters
Schulman; Joseph H. (Santa Clarita, CA)
Assignee: Alfred E. Mann Foundation
Abstract-This application is a division of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/048,826, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,208,894, and claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/042,447 filed Mar. 27, 1997 and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/030,136, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,185,452, which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/039,164 filed Feb. 26, 1997.) 

*USP # 6,167,304 (December 26, 2000)
Pulse Variability in Electric Field Manipulation of Nervous Systems
Loos, Hendricus
Abstract-Apparatus and method for manipulating the nervous system of a subject by applying to the skin a pulsing external electric field which, although too weak to cause classical nerve stimulation, modulates the normal spontaneous spiking patterns of certain kinds of afferent nerves. For certain pulse frequencies the electric field stimulation can excite in the nervous system resonances with observable physiological consequences. Pulse variability is introduced for the purpose of thwarting habituation of the nervous system to the repetitive stimulation, or to alleviate the need for precise tuning to a resonance frequency, or to control pathological oscillatory neural activities such as tremors or seizures. Pulse generators with stochastic and deterministic pulse variability are disclosed, and the output of an effective generator of the latter type is characterized.

*USP # 6,135,944 (October 24, 2000)
Method of Inducing Harmonious States of Being
Bowman, Gerard D., et al.
Abstract-A method of inducing harmonious states of being using vibrational stimuli, preferably sound, comprised of a multitude of frequencies expressing a specific pattern of relationship. Two base signals are modulated by a set of ratios to generate a plurality of harmonics. The harmonics are combined to form a "fractal" arrangement.

*USP # 6,122,322 (September 19, 2000)
Subliminal Message Protection
Jandel, Magnus
Abstract-The present invention relates to a method and to a system for detecting a first context change between two frames. When a second context change between a further two frames occurs within a predetermined time interval, the frames accommodated within the two context changes are defined as a subliminal message. An alarm is sent to an observer upon detection of a subliminal message.  

*USP # 6,091,994  (July 18, 2000)
Pulsative Manipulation of Nervous Systems
Loos, Hendricus
Abstract-Method and apparatus for manipulating the nervous system by imparting subliminal pulsative cooling to the subject's skin at a frequency that is suitable for the excitation of a sensory resonance. At present, two major sensory resonances are known, with frequencies near 1/2 Hz and 2.4 Hz. The 1/2 Hz sensory resonance causes relaxation, sleepiness, ptosis of the eyelids, a tonic smile, a "knot" in the stomach, or sexual excitement, depending on the precise frequency used. The 2.4 Hz resonance causes the slowing of certain cortical activities, and is characterized by a large increase of the time needed to silently count backward from 100 to 60, with the eyes closed. The invention can be used by the general public for inducing relaxation, sleep, or sexual excitement, and clinically for the control and perhaps a treatment of tremors, seizures, and autonomic system disorders such as panic attacks. Embodiments shown are a pulsed fan to impart subliminal cooling pulses to the subject's skin, and a silent device which induces periodically varying flow past the subject's skin, the flow being induced by pulsing rising warm air plumes that are caused by a thin resistive wire which is periodically heated by electric current pulses.

*USP # 6,081,744  (June 27, 2000)
Electric Fringe Field Generator for Manipulating Nervous Systems
Loos, Hendricus
Abstract-Apparatus and method for manipulating the nervous system of a subject through afferent nerves, modulated by externally applied weak fluctuating electric fields, tuned to certain frequencies such as to excite a resonance in neural circuits. Depending on the frequency chosen, excitation of such resonances causes in a human subject relaxation, sleepiness, sexual excitement, or the slowing of certain cortical processes. The electric field used for stimulation of the subject is induced by a pair of field electrodes charged to opposite polarity and placed such that the subject is entirely outside the space between the field electrodes. Such configuration allows for very compact devices where the field electrodes and a battery-powered voltage generator are contained in a small casing, such as a powder box. The stimulation by the weak external electric field relies on frequency modulation of spontaneous spiking patterns of afferent nerves. The method and apparatus can be used by the general public as an aid to relaxation, sleep, or arousal, and clinically for the control and perhaps the treatment of tremors and seizures, and disorders of the autonomic nervous system, such as panic attacks.

*USP # 6,052,336 (Filed: May 1, 1998, Date Issued: April 18, 2000) 
Apparatus and Method of Broadcasting Audible Sound  Using Ultrasonic Sound As a Carrier
Lowrey, III; Austin (Springfield, VA)
Abstract-An ultrasonic sound source broadcasts an ultrasonic signal which is amplitude and/or frequency modulated with an information input signal originating from an information input source. If the signals are amplitude modulated, a square root function of the information input signal is produced prior to modulation. The modulated signal, which may be amplified, is then broadcast via a projector unit, whereupon an individual or group of individuals located in the broadcast region detect the audible sound. Communication System and Method Including  Brainwave Analysis and/or Use of Brain Activity Patent Number:  6011991 Filed:   December 7, 1998 Date Issued:   January 4, 2000 Inventors:  Mardirossian; Aris (Germantown, MD) Assignee:  Technology Patents, LLC (Derwood, MD) A system and method for enabling human beings to communicate by way of their monitored brain activity. The brain activity of an individual is monitored and transmitted to a remote location (e.g. by satellite). At the remote location, the monitored brain activity is compared with pre-recorded normalized brain activity curves, waveforms, or patterns to determine if a match or substantial match is found. If such a match is found, then the computer at the remote location determines that the individual was attempting to communicate the word, phrase, or thought corresponding to the matched stored normalized signal.  

*USP # 6,051,594 (Filed: July 28, 1999, Date Issued: April 18, 2000) 
Methods and Formulations For Modulating the Human Sexual Response
Inventor: Lowrey; Fred (Lincoln, NE)
Assignee: Zonagen, Inc. (The Woodlands, TX)
Abstract-The invention is directed to improved methods for modulating the human sexual response by orally administering a formulation of the vasodilator phentolamine to the blood circulation and thereby modulating the sexual response on demand.    

*USP # 6,039,688 (March 21, 2000)
Therapeutic Behavior Modification Program, Compliance Monitoring and Feedback System
Douglas, Peter, et al.
Abstract-A therapeutic behavior modification program, compliance monitoring and feedback system includes a server-based relational database and one or more microprocessors electronically coupled to the server. The system enables development of a therapeutic behavior modification program having a series of milestones for an individual to achieve lifestyle changes necessary to maintain his or her health or recover from ailments or medical procedures. The program may be modified by a physician or trained case advisor prior to implementation. The system monitors the individual's compliance with the program by prompting the individual to enter health-related data, correlating the individual's entered data with the milestones in the behavior modification program and generating compliance data indicative of the individual's progress toward achievement of the program milestones. The system also includes an integrated system of graphical system interfaces for motivating the individual to comply with the program. Through the interfaces, the individual can access the database to review the compliance data and obtain health information from a remote source such as selected sites on the Internet. The system also provides an electronic calendar integrated with the behavior modification program for signaling the individual to take action pursuant to the behavior modification program in which the calendar accesses the relational database and integrates requirements of the program with the individual's daily schedule, and an electronic journal for enabling the individual to enter personal health-related information into the system on a regular basis. In addition, the system includes an electronic meeting room for linking the individual to a plurality of other individuals having related behavior modification programs for facilitating group peer support sessions for compliance with the program. The system enables motivational media presentations to be made to the individuals in the electronic meeting room as part of the group support session to facilitate interactive group discussion about the presentations. The entire system is designed around a community of support motif including a graphical electronic navigator operable by the individual to control the microprocessor for accessing different parts of the system.

*USP # 6,017,302 (January 25, 2000)
Subliminal Acoustic Manipulation of Nervous Systems 
Loos; Hendricus G. (Laguna Beach, CA)
Abstract-In human subjects, sensory resonances can be excited by subliminal atmospheric acoustic pulses that are tuned to the resonance frequency. The 1/2 Hz sensory resonance affects the autonomic nervous system and may cause relaxation, drowsiness, or sexual excitement, depending on the precise acoustic frequency near 1/2 Hz used. The effects of the 2.5 Hz resonance include slowing of certain cortical processes, sleepiness, and disorientation. For these effects to occur, the acoustic intensity must lie in a certain deeply subliminal range. Suitable apparatus consists of a portable battery-powered source of weak sub-audio acoustic radiation. The method and apparatus can be used by the general public as an aid to relaxation, sleep, or sexual arousal, and clinically for the control and perhaps treatment of insomnia, tremors, epileptic seizures, and anxiety disorders. There is further application as a nonlethal weapon that can be used in law enforcement standoff situations, for causing drowsiness and disorientation in targeted subjects. It is then preferable to use venting acoustic monopoles in the form of a device that inhales and exhales air with sub-audio frequency. 

*USP # 6,011,991 (January 4, 2000)
Communication System & Method Including Brain Wave Analysis...
Mardirossian, Aris
Abstract-A system and method for enabling human beings to communicate by way of their monitored brain activity. The brain activity of an individual is monitored and transmitted to a remote location (e.g. by satellite). At the remote location, the monitored brain activity is compared with pre-recorded normalized brain activity curves, waveforms, or patterns to determine if a match or substantial match is found. If such a match is found, then the computer at the remote location determines that the individual was attempting to communicate the word, phrase, or thought corresponding to the matched stored normalized signal.

*USP # 6,006,188 (Filed: March 19, 1997, Date Issued: December 21, 1999)
Speech Signal Processing for Determining Psychological or Physiological Characteristics Using a Knowledge Base
Bogdashevsky, Rostislav, Alexeev; Vladimir (Moscow, RU) Baker; George (Los Alamos, NM) Yarigin; Vitaly (Moscow, RU)
Assignee: Dendrite, Inc. (Las Vegas, NV)
Abstract-A speech-based system for assessing the psychological, physiological, or other characteristics of a test subject is described. The system includes a knowledge base that stores one or more speech models, where each speech model corresponds to a characteristic of a group of reference subjects. Signal processing circuitry, which may be implemented in hardware, software and/or firmware, compares the test speech parameters of a test subject with the speech models. In one embodiment, each speech model is represented by a statistical time-ordered series of frequency representations of the speech of the reference subjects. The speech model is independent of a priori knowledge of style parameters associated with the voice or speech. The system includes speech parameterization circuitry for generating the test parameters in response to the test subject's speech. This circuitry includes speech acquisition circuitry, which may be located remotely from the knowledge base. The system further includes output circuitry for outputting at least one indicator of a characteristic in response to the comparison performed by the signal processing circuitry. The characteristic may be time-varying, in which case the output circuitry outputs the characteristic in a time-varying manner. The output circuitry also may output a ranking of each output characteristic. In one embodiment, one or more characteristics may indicate the degree of sincerity of the test subject, where the degree of sincerity may vary with time. The system may also be employed to determine the effectiveness of treatment for a psychological or physiological disorder by comparing psychological or physiological characteristics, respectively, before and after treatment.

*Patent Number: 5,993,999 (November 30, 1999)
Acoustic Cannon 
Patent holder: AER Energy Resources, Inc. (Smyrna, GA) 
Abstract-A current collector for an electrode with two halves. The current collector has a first layer positioned on the first half of the electrode, a second layer positioned on the second half of said electrode, and a third layer positioned between the first and the second halves of the electrode.  

*USP # 5,954,630 (September 21, 1999)
FM Theta-Inducing Audible Sound
Masaki, Kazumi, et al.
Abstract-An audible sound of modulated wave where a very low-frequency wave of about 20 hertz or lower is superposed on an audio low-frequency wave effectively stimulates Fm theta in human brain waves to improve attention and concentration during mental tasks when auditorily administered. The audible sound is also effective in stimulation of human alpha wave when the very low-frequency wave lies within the range of about 2-10 hertz. Such audible sound is artificially obtainable by generating an electric signal which contains such a modulated wave, and transducing it into audible sound wave.

*USP # 5,954,629 (September 21, 1999)
Brain Wave Inducing System
Yanagidaira, Masatoshi, et al.
Abstract-Sensors are provided for detecting brain waves of a user, and a band-pass filter is provided for extracting a particular brain waves including an .alpha. wave included in a detected brain wave. The band-pass filter comprises a first band-pass filter having a narrow pass band, and a second band-pass filter having a wide pass band. One of the first and second band-pass filters is selected, and a stimulation signal is produced in dependency on an .alpha. wave extracted by a selected band-pass filter. In accordance with the stimulation signal, a stimulation light is emitted to the user in order to induce the user to relax or sleeping state.

*USP # 5,952,600 (Filed: February 24, 1997, Date Issued:  September 14, 1999)
Engine Disabling Weapon
Herr; Jan Eric (San Diego, CA)
Abstract-A non-lethal weapon for disabling an engine such as that of a fleeing car by means of a high voltage discharge that perturbs or destroys the electrical circuits. 

*USP # 5,935,054 (Filed: June 7, 1995, Date Issued: August 10, 1999) 
Magnetic Excitation of Sensory Resonances
Loos; Hendricus G. (Laguna Beach, CA)
Abstract-The invention pertains to influencing the nervous system of a subject by a weak externally applied magnetic field with a frequency near 1/2 Hz. In a range of amplitudes, such fields can excite the 1/2 sensory resonance, which is the physiological effect involved in "rocking the baby".  

*USP # 5,922,016 (July 13, 1999)
Apparatus for Electric Stimulation of Auditory Nerves of a Human Being
Wagner, Hermann
Abstract-Apparatus for electric stimulation and diagnostics of auditory nerves of a human being, e.g. for determination of sensation level (SL), most conformable level (MCL) and uncomfortable level (UCL) audibility curves, includes a stimulator detachably secured to a human being for sending a signal into a human ear, and an electrode placed within the human ear and electrically connected to the stimulator by an electric conductor for conducting the signals from the stimulator into the ear. A control unit is operatively connected to the stimulator for instructing the stimulator as to characteristics of the generated signals being transmitted to the ear.

*USP # 5,868,103 (February 9, 1999)
Method and Apparatus for Controlling an Animal
Boyd, Randal
Abstract-An apparatus for controlling an animal wherein the animal receives a control stimulus of the release of a substance having an adverse effect upon the animal as a corrective measure. The apparatus includes a transmitter for producing a transmitted field, and a releasable collar for attaching to the neck of the animal. The collar includes a receiver for receiving the transmitted field and for producing a received signal, a control circuit for determining when the received signal indicates that the animal requires a corrective measure and for producing a control signal, a container for containing the substance having an adverse effect upon the animal, and a mechanism for releasing the substance from the container into the presence of the animal upon the production of the control signal by the control circuit. In use, the transmitter is set to produce the transmitted field and the collar is attached to the neck of the animal. As the animal moves about, the receiver in the collar receives the transmitted field and produces a received signal. The control circuit determines when the received signal indicates that the animal requires a corrective measure. A control signal is produced by the control circuit when the determination is made that the animal requires a corrective measure. Upon the production of the control signal, the substance having an adverse effect upon the animal is released from the container and into the presence of the animal.

*USP # 5,818,649 (Issue Date:  October 6,1998)
Electromagnetic Energy Directing Method and Apparatus 
Anderson; John E. (Corstorphine, Edinburgh, EH4 8DT, GB)
Abstract-A method and apparatus for directing electromagnetic energy may be used as a directed energy weapon, illuminator for an active sensor and/or guidance system, counter-measure, or to ignite a fusion weapon; as a beam expander; for power transmission by a beam; propulsion by a beam or inertial fusion; power generation from inertial fusion; telecommunication; or computer hardware. The method and apparatus direct electromagnetic energy from a source made up of an area or volume as opposed to a point.

*USP # 5,784,124 (July 21, 1998)
Supraliminal Method of Education
D'Alitalia, Joseph A., et  al.
Abstract-A method of behavior modification involves having a patient view supraliminal video messages superimposed upon an underlying video presentation. The video messages incorporate messages wherein at least some of the messages link a desired modified behavior to positive feelings of the patient. A supraliminal message generator and "superimpose" iteratively selects individual messages for display from the sequence of messages, decompressing the messages as required, and places the selected messages in a buffer memory of a video generation device. A processor of the supraliminal message generator and "superimpose" then fades the selected message from an invisible level to a visible level on the video display, and then fades the selected message from the visible level back to the invisible level.

*USP # 5,760,692 (Filed: October 18, 1996, Date Issued: June 2, 1998)
Intra-Oral Tracking Device
Block; Douglas A. (Manalapan, NJ)
Abstract-An intra-oral tracking device adapted for use in association with a tooth having a buccal surface and a lingual surface, the apparatus comprises a tooth mounting member having an inner surface and an outer surface, the inner surface including adhesive material.

*USP # 5,649,061 (July 15, 1997)
Device and Method for Estimating a Mental Decision
Smyth, Christopher
Abstract-A device and method for estimating a mental decision to select a visual cue from the viewer's eye fixation and corresponding single event evoked cerebral potential. The device comprises an eye-tracker, an electronic bio-signal processor and a digital computer. The eye-tracker determines the instantaneous viewing direction from oculometric measurements and a head position and orientation sensor. The electronic processor continually estimates the cerebral electroencephalogramic potential from scalp surface measurements following corrections for electrooculogramic, electromyogramic and electrocardiogramic artifacts. The digital computer analyzes the viewing direction data for a fixation and then extracts the corresponding single event evoked cerebral potential. The fixation properties, such as duration, start and end pupil sizes, end state (saccade or blink) and gaze fixation count, and the parametric representation of the evoked potential are all inputs to an artificial neural network for outputting an estimate of the selection interest in the gaze point of regard. The artificial neural network is trained off-line prior to application to represent the mental decisions of the viewer. The device can be used to control computerized machinery from a video display by ocular gaze point of regard alone, by determining which visual cue the viewer is looking at and then using the estimation of the task-related selection as a selector switch.

*USP # 5,644,363 (July 1, 1997)
Apparatus for Superimposing Visual Subliminal Instructions on a Video Signal
Mead, Talbert
Abstract-A subliminal video instructional device comprises circuitry for receiving an underlying video signal and presenting this signal to horizontal and vertical synchronization detection circuits, circuitry for generating a subliminal video message synchronized to the underlying video signal, and circuitry for adding the subliminal video message to the underlying video signal to create a combination video signal.

*USP #  5,629,678 (Filed: January 10, 1995, Date Issued: May 13, 1997)
Personal Tracking and Recovery System Patent
Gargano; Paul A. (Belmont, MA) Gilmore; David H. (Cayman Kai, KY) Pace; Frank A. (Ballston Spa, NY) Weinstein; Lee (Somerville, MA)
Assignee: Gargano; Paul A. (Belmont, MA)
Abstract-Apparatus for tracking and recovering humans utilizes an implantable transceiver incorporating a power supply and actuation system allowing the unit to remain implanted and functional for years without maintenance. The implanted transmitter may be remotely actuated, or actuated by the implantee. Power for the remote-activated receiver is generated electromechanically through the movement of body muscle. The device is small enough to be implanted in a child, facilitating use as a safeguard against kidnapping, and has a transmission range which also makes it suitable for wilderness sporting activities. A novel biological monitoring feature allows the device to be used to facilitate prompt medical dispatch in the event of heart attack or similar medical emergency. A novel sensation-feedback feature allows the implantee to control and actuate the device with certainty.

*USP # 5,586,967 (December 24, 1996)
Method & Recording for Producing Sounds and Messages to Achieve Alpha & Theta Brainwave States
Davis, Mark E.
Abstract-A method and recording for the use in achieving alpha and theta brainwave states and effecting positive emotional states in humans, is provided which includes a medium having a musical composition thereon with an initial tempo decreasing to a final tempo and verbal phrases recorded in synchrony with the decreasing tempo.

*USP # 5,562,597 (October 8, 1996)
Method & Apparatus for Reducing Physiological Stress
Van Dick, Robert C.
Abstract-Physiological stress in a human subject is treated by generating a weak electromagnetic field about a quartz crystal. The crystal is stimulated by applying electrical pulses of pulse widths between 0.1 and 50 microseconds each at a pulse repetition rate of between 0.5K and 10K pulses per second to a conductor positioned adjacent to the quartz crystal thereby generating a weak electromagnetic field. A subject is positioned within the weak electromagnetic field for a period of time sufficient to reduce stress.

*USP # 5,551,879 (September 3, 1996)
Dream State Teaching Machine
Raynie, Arthur D.
Abstract-A device for enhancing lucidity in the dream state of an individual. The device includes electronic circuitry incorporated into a headband for the user to wear while sleeping. The circuitry includes a detector for fitting adjacent to the eye of the sleeping individual, for detecting Rapid Eye Movement (REM), which occurs during the dream state. The detector emits a signal that is evaluated by additional circuitry to determine whether or not REM sleep is occurring. If REM sleep is occurring, a signal is generated to operate a recorded, which typically plays prerecorded messages through the headphones engaging the ear of the sleeping individual.

*USP # 5,539,705 (July 23, 1996)
Ultrasonic Speech Translator and Communication System
M. A. Akerman, M., et al.
Abstract-A wireless communication system, undetectable by radio-frequency methods, for converting audio signals, including human voice, to electronic signals in the ultrasonic frequency range, transmitting the ultrasonic signal by way of acoustic pressure waves across a carrier medium, including gases, liquids and solids, and reconverting the ultrasonic acoustic pressure waves back to the original audio signal. This invention was made with government support under Contract DE-ACO5-840R2l400, awarded by the US Department of Energy to Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.

*USP # 5,522,386 (June 4, 1996)
Apparatus for Determination of the Condition of the Vegetative Part of the Nervous System
Lerner, Eduard
Abstract-Apparatus for use in the determination of the condition of the vegetative part of the nervous system and/or of sensory functions of an organism, i.e. a human being or animal. The apparatus comprises devices for generating and supplying to said organism at least one sensory stimulus chosen from a group of sensory stimuli, such as visual, sound, olfactory, gustatory, tactile or pain stimuli, and devices for measuring the skin potential and the evoked response of the organism to a stimulus. The measured data are processed by processing devices for automatically controlling the supply of at least one stimulus for providing a non-rhythmical sequence of stimuli. Preferably, pairs of stimuli are supplied for developing a conditioned reflex.

*USP # 5,507,291 (Filed: April 5, 1994, Date Issued: April 16, 1996)
Method and an Associated Apparatus for Remotely Determining Information as to a Person's Emotional State
Stirbl; Robert C. (New York, NY), Wilk; Peter J. (New York, NY)
Abstract-In a method for remotely determining information relating to a person's emotional state, an waveform energy having a predetermined frequency and a predetermined intensity is generated and wirelessly transmitted towards a remotely located subject. Waveform energy emitted from the subject is detected and automatically analyzed to derive information relating to the individual's emotional state. Physiological or physical parameters of blood pressure, pulse rate, pupil size, respiration rate and perspiration level are measured and compared with reference values to provide information utilizable in evaluating interviewee's responses or possibly criminal intent in security sensitive areas.

*USP # 5,480,374 (January 2, 1996)
Method and Apparatus for Reducing Physiological Stress
Van Dick, Robert
Abstract-Physiological stress in a human subject is treated by generating a weak electromagnetic field about a grounded electrode by the application of pulses of between 5 and 50 microseconds each at a pulse rate of between 0.5K and 10K pulses per second to a power electrode, the power electrode and grounded electrode being coupled to high voltage pulse generation means. A subject is positioned within the weak electromagnetic field for a period of time sufficient to cause an increase in his or her alpha or theta brain wave levels.

*USP # 5,479,941 (January 2, 1996)
Device for Inducing Altered States of Consciousness
Harner, Michael
Abstract-A rotating device for producing altered states of consciousness in a subject is provided. The subject's body rotates about a point in the center of the body support means at a speed between about 10 and about 60 revolutions per minute. In a preferred embodiment the direction of rotation is periodically reversed.

*USP # 5,392,788 (February 28, 1995)
Method and Device for Interpreting Concepts and Conceptual Thought
Hudspeth, William J.
Abstract-A system for acquisition and decoding of EP and SP signals is provided which comprises a transducer for presenting stimuli to a subject, EEG transducers for recording brainwave signals from the subject, a computer for controlling and synchronizing stimuli presented to the subject and for concurrently recording brainwave signals, and either interpreting signals using a model for conceptual perceptional and emotional thought to correspond EEG signals to thought of the subject or comparing signals to normative EEG signals from a normative population to diagnose and locate the origin of brain dysfunctional underlying perception, conception, and emotion.

*USP # 5,356,368 (October 18, 1994)
Method & Apparatus for Inducing Desired States of Consciousness
Monroe, Robert E.
Abstract-Improved methods and apparatus for entraining human brain patterns, employing frequency following response (FFR) techniques, facilitate attainment of desired states of consciousness. In one embodiment, a plurality of electroencephalogram (EEG) waveforms, characteristic of a given state of consciousness, are combined to yield an EEG waveform to which subjects may be susceptible more readily. In another embodiment, sleep patterns are reproduced based on observed brain patterns during portions of a sleep cycle; entrainment principles are applied to induce sleep. In yet another embodiment, entrainment principles are applied in the work environment, to induce and maintain a desired level of consciousness. A portable device also is described.

*USP # 5,352,181 (October 4, 1994)
Method & Recording for Producing Sounds and Messages
Davis, Mark E.
Abstract-A method and recording for use in achieving Alpha and Theta brain wave states and effecting positive emotional states in humans to enhance learning and self-improvement, is provided which includes a medium having a musical composition recorded thereon with an initial tempo decreasing to a final tempo and verbal phrases, comprising between approximately 4 and approximately 8 words, recorded in synchrony with the decreasing initial tempo.

*USP # 5,330,414 (July 19, 1994)
Brain Wave Inducing Apparatus
Yasushi, Mitsuo
Abstract-A random signal generator outputs a random noise signal to a band pass filter which selectively passes frequency components in the frequency range of a desired brain wave from a subject. The output of the band pass filter is supplied to an automatic level controller. The automatic level controller sets the output of band pass filter to a predetermined amplitude. Then, the output of the automatic level controller is fed to a stimulating light generator, which converts the output of the automatic level controller into a light signal for stimulating the subject in order to induce the desired brain wave from the subject. The light signal is then emitted into the subject's eyes.

*USP # 5,289,438 (February 22, 1994)
Method & System for Altering Consciousness
Gall, James
Abstract-A system for altering the states of human consciousness involves the simultaneous application of multiple stimuli, preferable sounds, having differing frequencies and wave forms. The relationship between the frequencies of the several stimuli is exhibited by the equation g = 2.sup.n/4 .multidot.f where: f = frequency of one stimulus; g = frequency of the other stimuli or stimulus; and n = a positive or negative integer which is different for each other stimulus.

*USP # 5,245,666 (September 14, 1993)
Personal Subliminal Messaging System
Mikell, Bruce T.
Abstract-A personal subliminal messaging system includes a wide range linear subliminal modulator (43), a digital audio recording or play device (46), a microphone (51) to pick up the sound at the ear, and an earpiece (50) to deliver the subliminal message. The sound level at the user's ear is detected and measured. After rise-time and decay conditioning of the varying dc control signal, the wide range linear modulator (43) uses this signal to control the level of the message to the earpiece (50). The user adjusts the system for a liminal of a subliminal level. The psychoacoustic phenomena of "Post Masking" is used to increase the integrity of the message in subliminal messaging systems.

*USP # 5,270,800 (Filed: August 28, 1990, Date Issued: December 14, 1993)
Subliminal Message Generator
Sweet. Robert L. (Troy, MI)
Abstract-A combined subliminal and supraliminal message generator for use with a television receiver permits complete control of subliminal messages and their manner of presentation. A video synchronization detector enables a video display generator to generate a video message signal corresponding to a received alphanumeric text message in synchronism with a received television signal. A video mixer selects either the received video signal or the video message signal for output. The messages produced by the video message generator are user selectable via a keyboard input. A message memory stores a plurality of alphanumeric text messages specified by user commands for use as subliminal messages. This message memory preferably includes a read only memory storing predetermined sets of alphanumeric text messages directed to differing topics. The sets of predetermined alphanumeric text messages preferably include several positive affirmations directed to the left brain and an equal number of positive affirmations directed to the right brain that are alternately presented subliminally. The left brain messages are presented in a linear text mode, while the right brain messages are presented in a three dimensional perspective mode. The user can control the length and spacing of the subliminal presentations to accommodate differing conscious thresholds. Alternative embodiments include a combined cable television converter and subliminal message generator, a combine television receiver and subliminal message generator and a computer capable of presenting subliminal messages.

*USP # 5,224,864 (July 6, 1993)
Method of Recording and Reproducing Subliminal Signals that are 180 Degrees Out of Phase
Woith, Blake F.
Abstract-A subliminal recording includes both subliminal message and mask signals applied to both tracks of a two track recording medium. The subliminal message signals are identical in content, and are recorded in an out-of-phase relationship. The mask signals are recorded in phase. The resulting recording may be utilized in the conventional manner for subliminal recordings. By combining the composite signals in an inverted relationship, the mask signals cancel while the subliminal message signals are additive, thus allowing the presence of the subliminal message signal to be confirmed on the recording.

*USP # 5,221,962 (June 22, 1993)
Subliminal Device having Manual Adjustment of Perception Level of Subliminal Messages
Backus, Alan L., et al.
Abstract-A method and apparatus for presenting subliminal visual and/or audio messages which allows user verification of message content and presence, as well as proper adjustment of message obviousness while accounting for ambient conditions and user sensitivities is disclosed. This method and apparatus also presents synchronized reinforced sensory input of subliminal messages. This is performed by simultaneously overlaying images received from a VCR over a plurality of television signals. This apparatus directs overlay images over RF television signals having both audio and video components

*USP # 5,215,468 (June 1, 1993)
Method and Apparatus for Introducing Subliminal Changes to Audio Stimuli
Lauffer, Martha A., et al.
Abstract-A method and apparatus for introducing gradual changes to an audio signal so that the changes are subliminal. The changes can involve tempo and volume, for example, and can take the form of a gentle gradient having ever increasing/decreasing ramp-like changes over a sufficient duration, or a more complex program involving several gentle gradients. In the preferred embodiment, an enhanced audio play-back device such as a portable audio cassette recorder can be programmed to subliminally alter the characteristics of a standard pre-recorded tape containing music, for example. As a motivational tool during walking, jogging or other repetitive exercise, the tempo is gradually increased over a period of time to encourage a corresponding gradual (and subliminal) increase in physical exertion by a user whose rate of movement is proportional to the tempo of the music. The tempo can be either manually changed in conjunction with a subliminal program, or by itself in an override mode, or by itself in a version of the present-inventive audio play-back device which allows only manual tempo alternation. In an alternate embodiment, a special pre-recorded tape contains subliminal changes in tempo, for example, for play-back on a standard audio cassette recorder (which operates at one speed, only) to cause the same effect as the preferred embodiment.

*USP # 5,213,562 (May 25, 1993)
Method of Inducing Mental, Emotional and Physical States of Consciousness
Monroe, Robert A.
Abstract-A method having applicability in replication of desired consciousness states; in the training of an individual to replicate such a state of consciousness without further audio stimulation; and in the transferring of such states from one human being to another through the imposition of one individual's EEG, superimposed on desired stereo signals, on another individual, by inducement of a binaural beat phenomenon.

*USP # 5,194,008 (March 16, 1993)
Subliminal Image Modulation Projection and Detection System and Method
Mohan, William L., et al.
Abstract-Weapon training simulation system including a computer operated video display scene whereon is projected a plurality of visual targets. The computer controls the display scene and the targets, whether stationary or moving, and processes data of a point of aim sensor apparatus associated with a weapon operated by a trainee. The sensor apparatus is sensitive to non-visible or subliminal modulated areas having a controlled contrast of brightness between the target scene and the targets. The sensor apparatus locates a specific subliminal modulated area and the computer determines the location of a target image on the display scene with respect to the sensor apparatus.

USP # 5,175,571 (December 29, 1992)
Glasses with Subliminal Message
Tanefsky, Faye, et al.
Abstract-A pair of subliminal imaging spectacles is provided with a matched pair of visual subliminal images designed and placed so as to merge into one image due to the stereoscopic effect of human vision and thus to impart a subliminal message to the wearer.

*USP # 5,170,381 (December 8, 1992)
Method for Mixing Audio Subliminal Recordings
Taylor, Eldon, et al.
Abstract-Audio subliminal recordings are made in which in addition to using a primary carrier, such as music, two audio channels are used to deliver subliminal messages to the brain. On one channel, accessing the left brain hemisphere, the message delivered is meaningfully spoken, forward-masked, permissive affirmations delivered in a round-robin manner by a male voice, a female voice and a child's voice. On the other channel, accessing the right brain, directive messages, in the same voices, are recorded in backward-masked (or meta-contrast). The three voices are recording in round-robin fashion with full echo reverberation. The audio tracks are mixed using a special processor which converts sound frequencies to electrical impulses and tracks the subliminal message to synchronize the subliminal message in stereo with the primary carrier. The processor maintains constant gain differential between the primary carrier and the subliminal verbiage and, with the subliminal verbiage being recorded with round-robin, full echo reverberation, ensures that none of a message is lost. The primary carrier should be continuous music without breaks or great differences in movements.

*UPS # 5,159,703 (Filing date: Dec 28, 1989, Issue date: Oct 27, 1992)
Silent Subliminal Presentation System Lowery
Lowery; Oliver M. (Norcross, GA)
Abstract-A silent communications system in which non-aural carriers, in the very low or very high audio frequency range or in the adjacent ultrasonic frequency spectrum, are amplitude or frequency modulated with the desired intelligence and propagated acoustically or vibrationally, for inducement into the brain, typically through the use of loudspeakers, earphones or piezoelectric transducers. The modulated carriers may be transmitted directly in real time or may be conveniently recorded and stored on mechanical, magnetic or optical media for delayed or repeated transmission to the listener.  

*USP # 5,151,080 (September 29, 1992)
Method & Apparatus for Inducing& Establishing a Changed State of Consciousness
Bick, Claus
Abstract-An electroacoustic device includes a sound generator as well as a system for producing synthetic human speech, connected to a modulation stage for superimposing the output signals thereof. The superimposed output signals are applied via an amplifier stage to one of a headphone system or loudspeaker system.

*USP # 5,135,468 (August 4, 1992)
Method & Apparatus of Varying the Brain State of a Person by Means of an Audio Signal
Meissner, Juergen P.
Abstract-A method of varying the brain state of a person includes the steps of supplying the first audio signal to one ear of the person, supplying a second audio signal to the other ear of the person, and substantially continuously varying the frequency of at least one of the first and second audio signals to vary the brain state of the person.

*USP # 5,134,484 (July 28, 1992)
Superimposing Method & Apparatus Useful for Subliminal Messages
Willson, Joseph
Abstract-Data to be displayed is combined with a composite video signal. The data is stored in a memory in digital form. Each byte of the data is read out in sequential fashion to determine: the recurrence display rate of the data according to the frame sync pulses of the video signal; the location of the data within the video image according to the line sync pulses of the video signal; and the location of the data display within the video image according to the position information. Synchronization of the data with the video image is derived from the sync pulses of the composite video signal. A similar technique is employed to combine sound data with an audio signal. Data to be displayed may be presented as a subliminal message or may persist for a given time interval. The data may be derived from a variety of sources including a prerecorded or live video signal. The message may be a reminder message displayed upon a television screen to remind the viewer of an appointment. The data may be stored in a variety of different memory devices capable of high speed data retrieval. The data may be generated locally on-line or off-line and transferred to memory which stores the data necessary to create the message.

*USP # 5,128,765 (July 7, 1992)
System for Implementing the Synchronized Superimposition of Subliminal Signals
Dingwall, Robert
Abstract-An apparatus and system for the controlled delivery of a subliminal video and/or audio message on to a source signal from a video tape player or similar. The source signal is divided into audio and video portions. A video processor reads sychronization information from the source signal. A controller transmits a stored subliminal image at designated times to a mixer amplifier fully synchronized with the source signal. Concurrently, an audio subliminal message is applied to the source audio at a volume level regulated at some fraction to the source audio. The combined signals are transmitted to a monitor for undistracted viewing.

*USP # 5,123,899 (June 23, 1992)
Method & System for Altering Consciousness
Gall, James
Abstract-A system for altering the states of human consciousness involves the simultaneous application of multiple stimuli, preferable sounds, having differing frequencies and wave forms. The relationship between the frequencies of the several stimuli is exhibited by the equation g = s.sup.n/4 .multidot.f where: f = frequency of one stimulus; g = frequency of the other stimuli of stimulus; and n=a positive or negative integer which is different for each other stimulus.

*USP # 5,052,401 (October 1, 1991)
Product Detector for a Steady Visual Evoked Potential Stimulator and Product Detector
Sherwin, Gary
Abstract-An automated visual testing system is disclosed which presents an alternating steady state visual stimulus to a patient through an optical system that modifies the stimulus image. As the image changes, the patient produces evoked potentials that change. The evoked potentials are detected by a product detector which produces the amplitude of the evoked potentials. The product detector includes filters which isolate the patient's evoked potentials, a modulator which detects the response using the stimulus source frequency and a demodulator that determines the amplitude of the response. The product detector detects the level of the steady state evoked potential signals even in the presence of substantial background noise and extraneous electroencephalograhic signals. These detectors can be used to monitor the evoked potential produced by visual, aural or somatic steady state stimuli. The components described above can be used to produce a system that can determine to which of several different displays an observer is paying attention by providing images that blink at different frequencies and product detectors for each of the stimulus frequencies. The product detector producing the highest output indicates the display upon which the observer is focused.

*USP # 5,047,994 (September 10, 1991)
Supersonic Bone Conduction Hearing Aid and Method
Lenhardt, Martin, et al.
Abstract-A supersonic bone conduction hearing aid that receives conventional audiometric frequencies and converts them to supersonic frequencies for connection to the human sensory system by vibration bone conduction. The hearing is believed to use channels of communications to the brain that are not normally used for hearing. These alternative channels do not deteriorate significantly with age as does the normal hearing channels. The supersonic bone conduction frequencies are discerned as frequencies in the audiometric range of frequencies.

*USP # 5,036,858 (August 6, 1991)
Method & Apparatus for Changing Brain Wave Frequency
Carter, John L., et al.
Abstract-A method for changing brain wave frequency to a desired frequency determines a current brain wave frequency of a user, generates two frequencies with a frequency difference of a magnitude between that of the current actual brain wave frequency and the desired frequency but always within a predetermined range of the current actual brain wave frequency, and produces an output to the user corresponding to the two frequencies. One apparatus to accomplish the method has a computer processor, a computer memory, EEG electrodes along with an amplifier, a programmable timing generator responsive to the computer processor for generating the two frequencies, audio amplifiers and a beat frequency generator driving a visual frequency amplifier.

*USP # 5,027,208 (June 25,1991)
Therapeutic Subliminal Imaging System
Dwyer, Jr., Joseph, et al.
Abstract - A therapeutic subliminal imaging system wherein a selected subliminal message is synchronized with and added to an existing video signal containing a supraliminal message. A television receiver or video recorder can be used to provide the supraliminal message and a video processing circuit varies the intensity of that perceptible message to incorporate one or more subliminal images.

*USP # 5,123,899 (Filed: January 17, 1991, Date Issued: June 23, 1992)  
Method and System for Altering Consciousness
Gall; James (Fountain Hills, AZ)
Abstract - A system for altering the states of human consciousness involves the simultaneous application of multiple stimuli, preferable sounds, having differing frequencies and wave forms. The relationship between the frequencies of the several stimuli is exhibited by the equation g=s.sup.n/4 .multidot.f where: f=frequency of one stimulus; g=frequency of the other stimuli of stimulus; and n=a positive or negative integer which is different for each other stimulus.

*USP # 5,017,143 (May 21, 1991)
Method and Apparatus for Producing Subliminal Images
Backus, Alan, et al.
Abstract-A method and apparatus to produce more effective visual subliminal communications. Graphic and/or text images, presented for durations of less than a video frame, at organized rhythmic intervals, the rhythmic intervals intended to affect user receptivity, moods or behavior. Subliminal graphic images, having translucent visual values locally are dependent on background values in order to maintain desired levels of visual contrast.

*USP # 4,959,559 (Issue Date:  September 25, 1990 )
Electromagnetic or Other Directed Energy Pulse Launcher  
The United States of America 
Abstract-The physical realization of new solutions of wave propagation equations, such as Maxwell's equations and the scaler wave equation, produces localized pulses of wave energy such as electromagnetic or acoustic energy which propagate over long distances without divergence. The pulses are produced by driving each element of an array of radiating sources with a particular drive function so that the resultant localized packet of energy closely approximates the exact solutions and behaves the same.

*USP # 4,958,638 (September 25, 1990)
Non-Contact Vital Signs Monitor
Sharpe, Steven, et al.
Abstract-An apparatus for measuring simultaneous physiological parameters such as heart rate and respiration without physically connecting electrodes or other sensors to the body. A beam of frequency modulated continuous wave radio frequency energy is directed towards the body of a subject. The reflected signal contains phase information representing the movement of the surface of the body, from which respiration and heartbeat information can be obtained. The reflected phase modulated energy is received and demodulated by the apparatus using synchronous quadrature detection. The quadrature signals so obtained are then signal processed to obtain the heartbeat and respiratory information of interest.

*USP # 4,924,744 (May 15, 1990)
Apparatus for Generating Sound through Low Frequency and Noise Modulation
Lenzen, Reiner
Abstract-In an apparatus for generating sound, there are provided a plurality of channels for generating sounds. Each of the channels includes a memory for storing waveform data, and at least one of the channels includes a noise generator so that various kinds of sounds including rhythm sound-effects sound, effects sound-vibrato etc. are generated. There is further provided a controller by which voice sound signal is passed through the channels so that artificial sound, voice sound etc. are generated. There is still further provided a circuit for adjusting an amplitude level of a whole sound which is obtained by mixing output sounds of the channels so that far and near sound is produced. Further, each of the channels includes left and right attenuators which divide a channel sound into left and right channel sounds. Still further, the apparatus comprises a low frequency oscillator for controlling a depth of frequency modulation, and a controller for writing sampling data of a predetermined waveform into serial addresses of a memory.

*USP # 4,889,526 (December 26, 1989)
Non-Invasive Method & Apparatus for Modulating Brain Signals
Rauscher, Elizabeth A.
Abstract-This invention incorporates the discovery of new principles which utilize magnetic and electric fields generated by time varying square wave currents of precise repetition, width, shape and magnitude to move through coils and cutaneously applied conductive electrodes in order to stimulate the nervous system and reduce pain in humans. Timer means, adjustment means, and means to deliver current to the coils and conductive electrodes are described, as well as a theoretical model of the process. The invention incorporates the concept of two cyclic expanding and collapsing magnetic fields which generate precise wave forms in conjunction with each other to create a beat frequency which in turn causes the ion flow in the nervous system of the human body to be efficiently moved along the nerve path where the locus of the pain exists to thereby reduce the pain. The wave forms are created either in one or more coils, one or more pairs of electrodes, or a combination of the two.

*USP # 4,877,027 (Filed: June 6, 1988,  Date Issued: October 31, 1989)
Hearing System
Brunkan, Wayne B. (Goleta, CA)
Abstract-Sound is induced in the head of a person by radiating the head with microwaves in the range of 100 megahertz to 10,000 megahertz that are modulated with a particular waveform. The waveform consists of frequency modulated bursts. each burst is made up of 10 to 20 uniformly spaced pulses grouped tightly together. The burst width is between 500 nanoseconds and 100 microseconds. The pulse width is in the range of 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond. The bursts are frequency modulated by the audio input to create the sensation of hearing in the person whose head is irradiated.

**USP # 4,883,067 (November 28, 1989)
Method & Apparatus for Translating the EEG into Music
Knispel, Joel, et  al.
Abstract-A method and apparatus for applying a musical feedback signal to the human brain, or any other brain, to induce controllable psychological and physiological responses. A signal representing the ongoing electroencephalographic (EEG) signal of a brain preferably is obtained from the electrode location on the scalp known as CZ or P3 in clinical notation. A signal processor converts the ongoing EEG into electrical signals which are converted into music by synthesizers. The music is acoustically fed back to the brain after a time delay calculated to shift the phase of the feedback in order to reinforce specific or desired ongoing EEG activity from the scalp position of interest. The music is comprised of at least one voice that follows the moment-by-moment contour of the EEG in real time to reinforce the desired EEG activity. The music drives the brain into resonance with the music to provide a closed loop or physiological feedback effect. Preferably, the musical feedback comprises additional voices that embody psychoacoustic principles as well as provide the content and direction normally supplied by the therapist in conventional biofeedback. The invention contemplates numerous applications for the results obtained.

*USP # 4,858,612 (Filed:  December 19, 1983, Issue Date:  August 22, 1989)
Hearing Device
Stocklin, Philip L.
Abstract-A method and apparatus for stimulation of hearing in mammals by introduction of a plurality of microwaves into the region of the auditory cortex is shown and described. A microphone is used to transform sound signals into electrical signals which are in turn analyzed and processed to provide controls for generating a plurality of microwave signals at different frequencies. The multi-frequency microwaves are then applied to the brain in the region of the auditory cortex. By this method sounds are perceived by the mammals which are representative of the original sound received by the microphone.

*USP # 4,834,701 (May 30, 1989)
Apparatus for Inducing Frequency Reduction in Brain Wave
Masaki, Kazumi
Abstract-Frequency reduction in human brain wave is inducible by allowing human brain to perceive 4-16 hertz beat sound. Such beat sound can be easily produced with an apparatus, comprising at least one sound source generating a set of low-frequency signals different each other in frequency by 4-16 hertz. Electroencephalographic study revealed that the beat sound is effective to reduce beta-rhythm into alpha-rhythm, as well as to retain alpha-rhythm.

*USP # 4,821,326 (April 11, 1989)
Non-Audible Speech Generation Method & Apparatus
MacLeod, Norman
Abstract-A non-audible speech generation apparatus and method for producing non-audible speech signals which includes an ultasonic transducer or vibrator for projecting a series of glottal shaped ultrasonic pulses to the vocal track of a speaker. The glottal pulses, in the approximate frequency spectrum extending from 15 kilohertz to 105 kilohertz, contains harmonics of approximately 30 times the frequency of the acoustical harmonics generated by the vocal cords, but which may nevertheless be amplitude modulated to produce non-audible speech by the speaker's silently mouthing of words. The ultrasonic speech is then received by an ultasonic transducer disposed outside of the speaker's mouth and electronically communicated to a translation device which down converts the ultrasonics signals to corresponding signals in the audible frequency range and synthesizes the signals into artificial speech.

*USP # 4,777,529 (October 11, 1988)
Auditory Subliminal Programming System
Schultz, Richard M., et al.
Abstract-An auditory subliminal programming system includes a subliminal message encoder that generates fixed frequency security tones and combines them with a subliminal message signal to produce an encoded subliminal message signal which is recorded on audio tape or the like. A corresponding subliminal decoder/mixer is connected as part of a user's conventional stereo system and receives as inputs an audio program selected by the user and the encoded subliminal message. The decoder/mixer filters the security tones, if present, from the subliminal message and combines the message signals with selected low frequency signals associated with enhanced relaxation and concentration to produce a composite auditory subliminal signal. The decoder/mixer combines the composite subliminal signal with the selected audio program signals to form composite signals only if it detects the presence of the security tones in the subliminal message signal. The decoder/mixer outputs the composite signal to the audio inputs of a conventional audio amplifier where it is amplified and broadcast by conventional audio speakers.

*USP # 4,734,037 (March 29, 1988)
Message Screen
McClure, J. Patrick
Abstract-A transparent sheet is disclosed having a message thereon. The sheet has a first side adapted to be attached facing a plate which is normally viewed by a viewer and a second side facing the viewer. The message is arranged to be readably intelligible from the second side but is not visible to the viewer when viewed from a normal viewing distance from the second side under normal viewing conditions. The message has a subliminal effect upon the viewer when viewed from the normal viewing distance from the second side under normal viewing conditions. A viewer can electively subject him or herself to subliminal messages while viewing television at leisure.

*USP # 4,717,343 (January 5, 1988)
Method of Changing a Person's Behavior
Densky, Alan B.
Abstract-A method of conditioning a person's unconscious mind in order to effect a desired change in the person's behavior which does not require the services of a trained therapist. Instead the person to be treated views a program of video pictures appearing on a screen. The program as viewed by the person's unconscious mind acts to condition the person's thought patterns in a manner which alters that person's behavior in a positive way.

*USP # 4,699,153 (October 13, 1987)
System for Assessing Verbal Psychobiological Correlates
Shevrin, Howard, et al.
Abstract-A system for assessing psychobiological conditions of a subject utilizes a plurality of words which are selected to be in four categories as critical stimuli. The words are presented by a tachistoscope to the subject in subliminal and supraliminal modes of operation. Subliminal stimulation of the subject is achieved by presenting the selected words for an exposure period of approximately one millisecond. The supraliminal exposure time is approximately thirty milliseconds. Prior to stimulation, the subject is diagnosed in accordance with conventional psychoanalytical techniques to establish the presence and nature of a pathological condition. The words are selected and categorized in four groups: pleasant words, unpleasant words, words related to a diagnosed conscious pathological condition, and words related to a diagnosed unconscious pathological condition. The brain wave responses which are evoked by the stimulation are collected via electrodes and analyzed in accordance with a trans-information technique which is based on information signal theory for establishing a probabilistic value which corresponds to the information content of the evoked responses.

*USP # 4,692,118 (September 8, 1987)
Video Subconscious Display Attachment
Mould, Richard E.
Abstract-An apparatus and method for introducing messages to the subconscious mind is disclosed, which includes a panel positioned adjacent a television screen, with the panel having non-distractive messages imprinted thereon, such that as the subject consciously focuses his attention on the video screen, his subconscious mind records the message from the panel that is within his peripheral vision.

*USP # 4,616,261 (October 7, 1986)
Method & Apparatus for Generating Subliminal Visual Messages
Crawford, James R., et al.
Abstract-A system for generating a subliminal message during the display of a normal television program on a television receiver utilizes a personal computer to generate an RF carrier modulated with video signals encoding the subliminal message. The computer runs under the control of an application program which stores the subliminal message and also controls the computer to cause it to generate timing signals that are provided to a single pole double-throw switch. The source of the normal television program and the video output of the computer are connected to the two switch inputs and the switch output is connected to the television receiver antenna system. The timing signals cause the switch to normally display the conventional television program and to periodically switch to the computer output to generate the subliminal message. The video output of the computer includes horizontal and vertical synchronizing signals which are of substantially the same frequency as the synchronizing signals incorporated within the normal program source but of an arbitrary phase.

*USP # 4,573,449 (March 4, 1986)
Method for Stimulating the Falling Asleep and/or Relaxing Behavior of a Person
Warnke, Egon F.
Abstract-A method and apparatus is provided with which a person suffering from sleeplessness can be more easily relaxed and may more rapidly fall asleep. In particular, sound pulses are emitted by an electro-acoustic transducer, according to the cadence of which, the person seeking to fall asleep is induced to breathe in and out over a predetermined period of time. By suitably selecting the pulse sequence frequency, the pitch and the amplitude of the sound pulses may be adjusted thereby enhancing the process of falling asleep.

*USP # 4,508,105 (April 2, 1985)
Shadow Generating Apparatus
Whitten, Glen, et al.
Abstract-Disclosed is an apparatus for inducing various brain wave patterns through visual stimulation. The apparatus comprises a pair of spectacles or other viewing apparatus having a liquid crystal display embedded in each lens. By repetitively activating and deactivating the liquid crystals, shadows are generated which are perceived by the subject individual wearing the viewing apparatus. Responding to the frequency of shadow generation, the subject's brain is thereby induced to generate sympathetic brain wave frequencies. The apparatus finds particular utility in the generation of alpha waves. Because learning is enhanced when the brain is in the alpha state, activities such as listening to tapes or lectures and the like can be carried out with greater facility. Shadow generation is accomplished through the use of a timing mechanism for each liquid crystal display and the frequency for each is adjustable over a wide range, permitting synchronous or asynchronous timing.

*USP # 4,395,600 (July 26, 1983)
Auditory Subliminal Message System& Method
Lundy, Rene R., et al.
Abstract-Ambient audio signals from the customer shopping area within a store are sensed and fed to a signal processing circuit that produces a control signal which varies with variations in the amplitude of the sensed audio signals. A control circuit adjusts the amplitude of an auditory subliminal anti-shoplifting message to increase with increasing amplitudes of sensed audio signals and decrease with decreasing amplitudes of sensed audio signals. This amplitude controlled subliminal message may be mixed with background music and transmitted to the shopping area. To reduce distortion of the subliminal message, its amplitude is controlled to increase at a first rate slower than the rate of increase of the amplitude of ambient audio signals from the area. Also, the amplitude of the subliminal message is controlled to decrease at a second rate faster than the first rate with decreasing ambient audio signal amplitudes to minimize the possibility of the subliminal message becoming supraliminal upon rapid declines in ambient audio signal amplitudes in the area. A masking signal is provided with an amplitude  which is also controlled in response to the amplitude of sensed ambient audio signals. This masking signal may be combined with the auditory subliminal message to provide a composite signal fed to, and controlled by, the control circuit.

*USP # 4,388,918 (June 21, 1983)
Mental Harmonization Process
Filley, Charles C.
Abstract-A state of relaxation or mental harmonization in a subject is created by exposing a color solely to one field of vision of a subject and the complement of that color solely to the other field of vision of the subject while simultaneously exposing an audible tone solely to one ear of the subject and a harmonious tone solely to the other ear of the subject. The color and tones employed are subjectively comfortable and compatible. Preferably, the frequency difference between the two audible tones is one-half the frequency of the audible tone having the lowest frequency.

*USP # 4,354,505 (October 19, 1982)
Method of and Apparatus for Testing and Indicating Relaxation State of a Human Subject
Shiga, Kazumasa
Abstract-In a self-training biofeedback system, a physiological signal representing the state of relaxation of a person using the system is applied to a time counter to generate a binary count output representing the relaxation period. A visual indicator connected to the time counter provides the self- trained person with a quick display of the measured time period so he can gauge the depth of his relaxation.

*UPS # 4,349,898 (Issue Date: September 14, 1982)
Sonic Weapon System 
Drewes; William  (Bronxville, NY)
Abstract-This invention pertains to sonic transmission systems and more particularly to systems for transmitting low frequency sonic signals with long range characteristics. Most particularly, this invention pertains to a parametrically pumped sonic weapon system.   

*USP # 4,335,710 (June 22, 1982)
Device for the Induction of Specific Brain Wave Patterns
Williamson, John
Abstract-Brain wave patterns associated with relaxed and meditative states in a subject are gradually induced without deleterious chemical or neurological side effects. A white noise generator (11) has the spectral noise density of its output signal modulated in a manner similar to the brain wave patterns by a switching transistor within a spectrum modulator and converted to an audio signal by acoustic transducer. Ramp generator gradually increases the voltage received by and resultant output frequency of voltage controlled oscillator whereby switching the transistor  periodically shunts the high frequency components of the white noise signal to ground.

*USP # 4,315,501 (February 16, 1982)
Learning-Relaxation Device
Gorges, Denis E.
Abstract-Disclosed is a device for relaxing, stimulating and/or driving brain wave form function in a human subject. The device comprises, in combination, an eye mask having independently controlled left and right eyepieces and a peripheral light array in each eyepiece, an audio headset having independently controlled left and right earpieces and a control panel which controls light and sound signals to the light arrays and earpieces, respectively. Various control functions allow simultaneous or alternating light and sound pulsations in the left and right light arrays and earpieces, as well as selective phasing between light and sound pulsations.

*USP # 4,227,516 (October 14, 1980)
Apparatus for Electrophysiological Stimulation
Meland, Bruce C., et al.
Abstract-Apparatus for the electrophysiological stimulation of a patient is provided for creating an analgesic condition in the patient to induce sleep, treat psychosomatic disorders, and to aid in the induction of electrohypnosis and altered states of consciousness. The foregoing is achieved by repetitive stimuli in the patient for whom external influences, namely those of sight and sound, are intentionally excluded. The apparatus produces electrical stimulation of the patient in the form of a modulated wave which produces impulses in the delta, theta, alpha and beta regions of the brain's electrical activity, the electrical stimulation being accompanied by two sources of audio stimulation, one of which is a sinusoidal tone modulated by and synchronized with the electrical stimulation, and the other is derived from sound recordings.

*USP # 4,191,175 (March 4, 1980)
Method & Apparatus for Repetitively Producing a Noise-like Audible Signal
Nagle, William L.
Abstract-A digital pulse generator and shift register repetitively produce bursts of digital pulses at a first adjustable repetition frequency. The repetition frequency of the pulses in each burst is also adjustable. A pink noise filter accentuates the lower burst frequency components near 7 hz and substantially attenuates all frequency components of the bursts above a first cut-off point near 10 Khz. A tunable band pass amplifier having a center frequency adjustable over a preselected range of frequencies optimally detectable by the average human ear accentuates the pink noise filter output near 2.6 Khz. The tunable amplifier drives an audible signal source with noise-like pulses of varying amplitudes and frequency components. A low pass amplifier may be connected to the pink noise filter to generate a train of pulses having a repetition frequency near 7 hz which pulses a light source in synchronism with the audible noise-like signal.

*USP # 4,141,344 (February 27, 1979)
Sound Recording System
Barbara, Louis J.
Abstract-In recording an audio program, such as music or voice, on a magnetic tape recorder an A.C. signal generator operating at a frequency below about 14 Hz provides an AC baseline for the audio program signal. This 14 Hz or lower AC signal is sensed by the listener's ear to create an Alpha or Theta state in his brain when the tape is played back.

*USP # 4,082,918 (April 4, 1978)
Audio Analgesic Unit
Chang, Roland W., et al.
Abstract-An audio analgesic unit for use in masking sounds and substituting another sound which includes earmuffs to be used by a dental patient in which speakers are arranged and connected to a patient operated remote control unit to control the sound levels and a master control unit to override the patient remote control unit and operated by an operator, such as a dentist. A beeper indicates operation mode change.

*USP # 4,034,741 (July 12, 1977)
Noise Generator & Transmitter
Adams, Guy E., et al.
Abstract-An analgesic noise generator employs a circuit that can be switched to provide a variable waveform from an active noise source out of an integrated circuit amplifier.

*USP # 3,967,616 (July 6, 1976)
Multichannel System for & Multifactorial Method of Controlling the Nervous System of a Living Organism
Ross, Sidney A.
Abstract-A novel method for controlling the nervous system of a living organism for therapeutic and research purposes, among other applications, and an electronic system utilized in, and enabling the practice of, the invented method. Bioelectrical signals generated in specifictopological areas of the organism's nervous system, typically areas of the brain, are processed by the invented system so as to produce a sensory stimulus if the system detects the presence or absence, as the case may be, of certain characteristics in the waveform patterns of the bioelectrical signals being monitored. The coincidence of the same or different characteristics in two or more waveform patterns, or the non-coincidence thereof, may be correlated with a certain desired condition of the organism's nervous system; likewise, with respect to the coincidence or non-coincidence of different characteristics of a single waveform pattern. In any event, the sensory stimulus provided by the invented system, typically an audio or visual stimulus, or combination thereof, is fed back to the organism which associates its presence with the goal of achieving the desired condition of its nervous system. Responding to the stimulus, the organism can be trained to control the waveform patterns of the monitored bioelectrical signals and thereby, control its own nervous system. The results of the coincidence function permit results heretofore unobtainable.

*USP # 3,884,218 (May 20, 1975)
Method of Inducing & Maintaining Various Stages of Sleep in the Human Being
Monroe, Robert A.
Abstract-A method of inducing sleep in a human being wherein an audio signal is generated comprising a familiar pleasing repetitive sound modulated by an EEG sleep pattern. The volume of the audio signal is adjusted to overcome the ambient noise and a subject can select a familiar repetitive sound most pleasing to himself.

*USP # 3,951,134 (Filing date: Aug 5, 1974, Issue date: Apr 20, 1976)
Apparatus& Method for Remotely Monitoring & Altering Brain Waves
Malech; Robert G. (Plainview, NY)
Assignee: Dorne & Margolin Inc. (Bohemia, NY) 
Abstract-Apparatus for and method of sensing brain waves at a position remote from a subject whereby electromagnetic signals of different frequencies are simultaneously transmitted to the brain of the subject in which the signals interfere with one another to yield a waveform which is modulated by the subject's brain waves. The interference waveform which is representative of the brain wave activity is re-transmitted by the brain to a receiver where it is demodulated and amplified. The demodulated waveform is then displayed for visual viewing and routed to a computer for further processing and analysis. The demodulated waveform also can be used to produce a compensating signal which is transmitted back to the brain to effect a desired change in electrical activity therein.

*USP # 3,893,450 (Filling date: Oct 9, 1973, Issue date: July 1975)
Method and Apparatus for Brain Waveform Examination
John P. Ertl, 15 Linden Ter, Ottawa, Canada
Abstract-A method and apparatus for examining the brain waveform of a subject, for example in a type of electro-encephalography (EEG), by providing a stimuli, such as a light, and determining a characteristic of a mathematically determinable point in the brain waveforms of the subject. A number of brain waveforms are obtained after successive stimuli and where the mathematically determinable point is the zero crossing point, the time intervals to the second and third falling zero crossings in the brain waveform are considered to provide average values which are identified as the "A, score" and the "B score" respectively and are utilized to indicate the condition of the subject. A closed loop feedback path may be used for stimulation of the subject.  

*USP # 3835833 (Filing date: Sept 21, 1972, Issue date: Sept 1974)
Method for Obtaining Neurophysiological Effects
Abstract-A method and apparatus for obtaining neurophysiological effects on the central and/or peripheral systems of a patient. Electrodes are suitably positioned on the body of the patient and a composite electric signal is applied at the electrodes. The composite signal is formed by the superpositioning of two signals: a first signal which is a rectified high-frequency carrier modulated in amplitude to about 100 percent by substantially square-shaped pulses whose duration, amplitude and frequency are chosen according to the neurophysiological effects desidered, and a second signal which has a relatively white noise spectrum. The mean value of the first electric signal has a predetermined sign which is opposite the sign of the mean value of the second electric signal.

*USP # 3,789,834 (Feb. 5, 1974)
Processes and Apparatus for the Investigation of Internal Physiological Phenomena Based on Measurements of the Impedance Variation of the Surface of the Body 
Abstract-A method of investigating physiological phenomena of a portion of a body based upon the variation of the impedance or resistivity of the body. An electromagnetic field is applied to a portion of the body and the field at the surface of the body is then measured. The components of the measured field are used to determine the impedance or resistivity of the the body. 

*USP # 3,612,211 (Date filed: July 2, 1969, Date issue: October 12, 1971)
Method of Producing Locally Occurring Infrasound 
Clark, III; William T. (New Orleans, LA)
Abstract-The object of this invention is to provide a method and apparatus for producing infrasound utilizing two highly directional acoustical wave sources propagating intersecting beams of sound waves at a frequency which may be in the audible range or above, and which waves in and of themselves, because of their frequencies which are higher than infrasound, do not have the same physiological or neurophysiological effects on a subject in their individual paths but which, in their areas of intersection, combine or beat against one another to produce resultant waves in the infrasonic range. A further object is to provide a system for producing infrasound, but utilizing extremely small sources for the infrasound energy, as compared with previously available sources.  

*USP # 3,393,279, (July 16, 1968)
Dr. PatricK Flanagan
Abstract-A device that converts sound to electrical impulses; allowing information to be transmitted to the brain by means of radio waves directed at any part of the body (skin). In other words, recorded or live messages, noise, music can be directed at an individual and, through the nerves, the signal will be carried (involuntarily) to the brain, bypassing the inner ear, the cochlea, and the 8th cranial nerve. In its original form electrodes were placed on the skin but with defense department developments, the signals can be delivered via satellite. Practically, the Neurophone could be used to communicate with the deaf but more often, it is used to terrorize targets. The tracked individuals here recorded/live threats, propaganda, etc. which those around them do not hear (delivered mainly via satellite laser). This harasses and discredit's the targets; especially if the problem is communicated to those unaware or the relevant technologies.


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